janvier 4

Comment fonctionne le vélo pliant électrique ?

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Un vélo pliant électrique fonctionne de la même manière qu'un vélo électrique ordinaire, mais il a seulement la capacité de se plier pour faciliter le transport et le stockage.

Sur ce, il existe différents systèmes de pliage :

  • pliage en accordéon 
  • pliage sous cadre
  • pliage horizontal 
  • pliage vertical

En général, les étapes du fonctionnement du système de pliage sont précisées dans la notice du VAE.

Véritable allié du cycliste urbain, le vélo pliant électrique a été conçu pour fonctionner de manière à optimiser son système de pliage et ses performances.

De fait, il peut se transformer en un simple bagage à main ou offrir au cycliste une assistance électrique durant la conduite. Quelles sont les différentes spécificités liées au fonctionnement de son assistance électrique ? Comment fonctionne le système de pliage du vélo pliant électrique ?

Vélo pliant électrique : comment fonctionne l’assistance électrique ?

vélo électrique pliant assistance

L'assistance électrique d'un vélo pliant électrique fonctionne grâce à 5 composants principaux : le moteur, la batterie, le capteur de pédalage, la console et le contrôleur.

Ces éléments interagissent entre eux pour accompagner le cycliste dans ses efforts. En effet, ils n’engendrent pas une propulsion, mais plutôt une assistance.

La mise en marche du moteur

Vélo électrique pliant moteur

Dès que le système de l'assistance électrique est mis sous tension, la console s’allume à l'inverse du moteur qui reste éteint. Sa mise en marche ne se fait que lorsque le cycliste se met à pédaler.

Situé au niveau du pédalier, le capteur de pédalage est stimulé lorsque le cycliste actionne la pédale. Il transmet alors un signal électrique au contrôleur qui ouvre les vannes entre le moteur et la batterie. Le moteur du vélo se met donc en marche.

L'ajustement de la puissance du moteur

La puissance du moteur est ajustée grâce au niveau d'assistance indiquée par la console et à la lecture du signal transmis par le capteur de pédalage.


Selon le niveau d'assistance choisi, le cycliste peut contrôler la vitesse de coupure du moteur, et ce, entre des vitesses allant de 15 à 25 km/h. Ceci lui permet de continuer à faire du vélo.


Vélo électrique pliant ajustement

Il suffit, pour cela, qu'il sélectionne une vitesse de coupure de l’assistance légèrement en dessous de sa vitesse de confort. Cette dernière est la vitesse à laquelle il est en mesure de rouler sur une grande distance sans vent de face sur du plat, tout en utilisant une énergie équivalente à celle d’un marcheur.


En choisissant un niveau d'assurance adapté, le cycliste peut également contrôler la puissance délivrée au moteur qui pourra alors atteindre des vitesses allant jusqu’à 25 km/h. 

COMMENT FONCTIONNE LE SYSTÈME DE PLIAGE DU VÉLO PLIANT ÉLECTRIQUE ?

Très pratique en ville, le vélo pliable électrique présente de nombreux avantages. Il est doté d'un poids léger et offre une mobilité parfaite. Toutefois, l'un de ses avantages les plus notables reste le fait qu’il peut être plié puis transporté facilement.

Les VAEs pliables se rangent suivant un système de pliage bien défini. Il est à préciser toutefois que la technologie de pliage utilisée diffère selon le type de modèle choisi. Ainsi, nous avons :

  • Le pliage en accordéon pour les modèles de la marque Brompton ;
  • Le pliage horizontal pour les modèles de marque Dahon ;
  • Le pliage sous cadre pour les modèles de marque Birdy ;
  • Le pliage vertical pour les modèles de marque Mobiky.

En général, les étapes pliage vélo pliant électrique sont précisées dans le guide ou la notice du bike Electric pliant. Il existe cependant un mode d’emploi général à suivre pour le fonctionnement du système de pliage de la plupart des vélos électriques pliants. Il se résume en 6 étapes à suivre dans l'ordre ci-dessous.

Vélo électrique pliant
  • Placement de la pédale droite du vélo à assistance électrique pliable : elle consiste à débloquer la pédale de la droite pour la replier vers l’intérieur, et ce, en l'orientant vers le cadre du vélo.
  • Rangement du pneu arrière du VAE pliable : cette étape consiste à plier le pneu arrière de façon à ce qu'il soit dans une position similaire à celle des béquilles. Pour cela, il faut lever la gâchette retenant la roue avant le pliage.
  • Retrait de la manette du cadre du VAE pliable : pour faire le retrait de la manette du cadre du VAE pliant, il faut tout d’abord dévisser la manette dans le sens inverse du serrage. Ensuite, la rabattre après l'avoir retirée du cadre.
  • Retrait de la manette de la potence du VAE pliable : de même que pour l’étape précédente, il faut desserrer la manette puis la replier. Il est recommandé d'utiliser une pince si le serrage est trop forcé.
  • Rangement de la selle du vélo pliant électrique : le rangement de la selle se fait en activant le levier situé juste sous elle. Précisons néanmoins que la position du levier peut varier selon le modèle du VAE pliant utilisé. Après activation du levier, il faut procéder à l'abaissement puis pivoter le siège vers le bas du cadre du VAE pliant.
  • Pliage de la pédale gauche du VAE pliant : il s’agit de la dernière étape. Elle consiste à rabattre la pédale gauche vers l’intérieur du cadre du vélo. L'objectif visé est de faciliter le transport du vélo pliant électrique sans avoir un accessoire qui pend.

Il est à noter que le système de pliage utilisé par le vélo pliant électrique de marque Brompton fonctionne exactement de la même façon.

Si vous êtes intéressé par une VAE pliable comme un VTT pliant électrique, vous pouvez vous rendre sur Alltricks pour faire un choix. Vous y retrouverez en effet une large gamme de vélos pliables de tout type.

A propos de l'auteur

Vincent

Suivez moi !

Bonjour et bienvenue sur veloelectriquepliant.fr,
Je suis Vincent l'auteur de ce site. Cela fait plus de 10 ans que je "nage" dans l'univers du vélo. J'ai décidé de créer ce site dédié aux vélos électriques pliants pour faire profiter au plus grand nombre de mes connaissances sur ce type de vélo idéal pour la mobilité urbaine.


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